The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. It has a population of approximately 28.6 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. The total area of Afghanistan is 652,000 km2 (252,000 sq. miles), making it the 41st largest country in the world. The following analysis will lead to an understanding of the country’s political, economic, social and technological factors.