Afghanistan’s social environment has seen considerable improvement in the past decade in terms of efforts towards meeting the demands for a high standard of living and improving social status of people across the various classes of its people.
Afghanistan’s society can be divided into urban and rural populations. Of the total 28.6 million estimated population, 20.1 million (71.5%) lives in rural areas while 6.5 million (23.13%) stay in urban areas. In addition, 1.5 million (5.33%) are living as nomads. The urban population’s education level, income level, values, beliefs, and customs vary from those living in the rural areas of the country. The unique aspect of Afghanistan is its many different ethnic groups with varying social mores such as Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras and a number of other minor ethnic groups.